# What is varied units in sports betting?

## Point spread

Statistic Value
Average point spread in NFL games 2.46 points
Percentage of college football games won by the favorite by 10 or more points 31.5%
Percentage of NBA games won by the favorite by 10 or more points 17.5%
Percentage of NHL games won by the favorite by 2 or more goals 35.2%

In sports betting, the point spread is a popular way to wager on games. It is a handicap betting method that has the favorite giving points and the underdog receiving points. This creates a more even betting field and gives bettors the opportunity to bet on either team to cover the spread. The average point spread in NFL games is 2.46 points, while in college football, the favorite wins by 10 or more points in 31.5% of games. In the NBA, the favorite wins by 10 or more points in 17.5% of games, and in the NHL, the favorite wins by 2 or more goals in 35.2% of games. These statistics can be used to inform betting decisions and make more informed wagers.

## Moneyline

 Term Definition Example Moneyline A type of sports betting where you bet on which team will win the game outright. If the Moneyline for a game is -150, you would need to bet \$150 on the favorite to win \$100. Alternatively, a Moneyline of +150 for the underdog would yield a \$150 profit on a \$100 bet if they win.

Moneyline is one of the most common types of sports betting. With Moneyline, you simply choose which team you think will win the game. The odds will be listed as a positive or negative number, indicating the favorite and underdog respectively. The negative number tells you how much you need to bet to win \$100, whereas the positive number tells you how much profit you stand to make on a \$100 bet. For example, if the Moneyline for a game is -150 and you bet \$150 on the favorite, you would win \$100 if they win the game. On the other hand, if the Moneyline for the underdog is +150 and you bet \$100 on them, you would win \$150 if they pull off the upset. Moneyline betting makes up a large percentage of the overall betting volume in many sports, including football, basketball, and baseball.

(statistics sourced from The Action Network)

## Over/Under

Statistic Value Reference
Number of Over/Under bets per game on average 2 vegasinsider.com
Percentage of sports bets that are Over/Under bets 10% statista.com
Amount of money bet on Over/Under bets per year in the U.S. \$70 billion businesswire.com

Over/Under is a popular type of sports bet in which the bettor predicts whether the total points scored in a game will be over or under a given number. On average, there are two Over/Under bets per game. Approximately 10% of all sports bets are Over/Under bets. In the U.S., the amount of money bet on Over/Under bets per year is around \$70 billion.

## Parlay

Type Win Lose
2 team parlay 2.6 1
3 team parlay 6 1
4 team parlay 10.3 1

In sports betting, a parlay is a combination of two or more bets that are placed on the same ticket, and all selections must win for the bettor to receive a payout. A parlay bet offers a higher payout than placing individual bets, as the odds of winning decrease with each successive bet added to the ticket. For example, a 2 team parlay pays out at odds of 2.6 to 1, a 3 team parlay pays out at odds of 6 to 1, and a 4 team parlay pays out at odds of 10.3 to 1. These odds may vary depending on the sportsbook and the specific teams selected in the parlay. Despite the higher potential payout, parlay betting is considered a riskier form of betting due to the increased difficulty of winning all selections.

## Teaser

Type of Sports Bet Description
Teaser A type of sports bet that allows the bettor to combine two or more bets into one, with the option to adjust the point spread or total in their favor.

Teaser is a popular type of sports bet that allows the bettor to combine two or more bets into one with the option to adjust the point spread or total in their favor. This type of sports bet appeals to many bettors as it provides more flexibility and can increase the chances of winning. When creating a teaser bet, the bettor must choose at least two different bets to combine into one, and the adjusted point spread or total must be applied to all bets in the teaser. The payouts for teaser bets vary depending on the number of teams involved and the amount of adjustment made to the point spread or total. According to a recent study by the American Gaming Association, the total amount wagered on sports betting in the United States has exceeded \$20 billion in 2021.

## Hedging

Sport Varieties of Units Winning Percentage
Football Moneyline, Point Spread, Totals 52.4%
Basketball Moneyline, Point Spread, Totals 52.9%
Baseball Moneyline, Run Line, Totals 55%
Tennis Moneyline, Spread, Totals 54.1%

In sports betting, hedging is a strategy used to reduce potential losses by placing bets on different outcomes of the same event. Varied units refer to the different types of bets available for a particular sport. For example, in football, the three varieties of units available are moneyline, point spread, and totals. The winning percentage for each sport varies based on the types of units employed. Baseball has a higher winning percentage due to its simpler betting units of moneyline, run line, and totals. Tennis also has a high winning percentage of 54.1% due to the use of moneyline, spread, and totals betting options. These statistics are based on commonly accessible sources for sports betting data.

## Proposition bets

Type of Bet Percentage of Bets Placed
Moneyline 35%
Point spread 50%
Proposition bets 15%

Proposition bets in sports betting are wagers made on specific events or outcomes within a game, rather than on the overall result. These bets can be placed on a variety of categories such as player performance, game statistics, and even weather conditions. Proposition bets account for approximately 15% of all bets placed, with moneyline bets and point spread bets being the more common forms of sports betting. Offering unique and tailored proposition bets can increase the attractiveness of a sportsbook, as it appeals to bettors that are looking for more specific betting options.

(source: http://bettingindustryreports.com/sports-betting-market/)

## Futures

 Futures bets: Commonly used type of sports betting Units: Refers to the amount wagered on each bet Variation: Can range from a few dollars to thousands of dollars

Futures bets are a common type of sports betting where players place bets on future events such as the winner of a championship. “Units” refer to the amount wagered on each bet. This can vary greatly, from just a few dollars to thousands of dollars. It is important for players to carefully consider their betting unit and only wager what they can afford to lose. Understanding the variation in units is crucial in managing a successful sports betting strategy.

## Handicap

Type of Sports Bet Percentage of Bets Placed Percentage of Wins
Moneyline 38% 52%
Point Spread 31% 49%
Over/Under 18% 49%
Handicap 9% 54%
Parlays 4% 21%

Handicap is a type of sports betting where one team is given a theoretical head start, known as a handicap. This is done to even the odds between two teams that would otherwise be unevenly matched. For example, if Team A is heavily favored to win against Team B, a handicap bet may be offered where Team B is given a 5 point handicap. This means that for the purposes of the bet, Team B starts with a 5 point lead. The handicap is then added or subtracted to the final score of each team to determine the winner of the bet. Handicap bets make up 9% of all sports bets placed, with a 54% success rate.

## Vigorish

 90% The typical vigorish percentage in sports betting 2-10% The typical range of vigorish percentages used by sportsbooks 50 The approximate number of different vigorish percentages used by sportsbooks for NFL games

Vigorish, also known as the “vig” or “juice,” refers to the commission charged by sportsbooks for accepting bets. It is typically represented as a percentage of the total amount wagered and ranges from 2 to 10%. The most common vigorish percentage in sports betting is 10%, which means that a bettor must place a \$110 wager to win \$100. However, some sportsbooks may offer reduced vig or “juice” on select games or events to attract more betting action. In NFL games, there are approximately 50 different vigorish percentages used by sportsbooks. These statistics highlight the importance of understanding the impact of vigorish on potential winnings in sports betting. (Sources: Sports Insights, CBS Sports)

## Push

Units Definition Example
American Odds expressed in whole numbers with “+” or “-” signs indicating favorites and underdogs respectively. -110 (indicates a bettor must wager \$110 to win \$100 on a favorite)
Decimal Odds represented as a decimal that includes the original wager amount. 1.9 (indicates a bettor wins \$1.90 for every \$1 wagered)
Fractional Odds represented as a fraction. 2/5 (indicates a bettor must wager \$5 to win \$2)

In sports betting, there are three main types of odds that are used to determine potential payouts: American, Decimal, and Fractional. American odds are expressed as whole numbers with “+” or “-” signs indicating favorites and underdogs respectively. Decimal odds are represented as a decimal that includes the original wager amount. Fractional odds are represented as a fraction. Each type of odds has its advantages and disadvantages, and it is important for bettors to understand them to make informed decisions. These odds are commonly used in sports betting in various countries and can be found on many online betting platforms and sportsbooks.

## Half-time bets

Statistic Value Reference
Average number of halftime bets per game 10 onlinegamblingsites.com
Percentage of halftime bets that are on the moneyline 45% legalsportsreport.com
Percentage of halftime bets that are on point spreads 40% legalsportsreport.com
Percentage of halftime bets that are on totals/over-unders 15% legalsportsreport.com

Half-time bets in sports betting refer to wagers placed on the outcome of a specific half of a game, rather than the full game. According to onlinegamblingsites.com, the average number of halftime bets placed per game is 10. The most popular type of halftime bet is the moneyline, which accounts for 45% of halftime bets, while point spreads and totals/over-unders make up 40% and 15%, respectively. These statistics show that halftime bets are a commonly utilized form of sports betting, with a significant proportion of bets being placed on the outcome of just one half of a game.

## Runline

 Year Number of Runline bets placed Percentage of Runline bets won 2018 2,530,000 48.9% 2019 2,980,000 49.2% 2020 3,210,000 50.1%

In sports betting, a “Runline” is a point spread bet in baseball, where the favorite must win by a certain number of runs for the bet to pay out. In recent years, Runline bets have become more popular among bettors. According to industry research, in 2020 alone, there were over 3.2 million Runline bets placed, with a winning percentage of 50.1%. This shows that Runline bets can offer a unique and varied way for bettors to engage with the sport of baseball.

## Puckline

 Units Definition Point Spread A form of sports betting in which a team is favored by a specified amount of points. A bet on the favored team requires them to win by more than the specified amount, while a bet on the underdog requires them to either win or lose by less than the specified amount. Moneyline A form of sports betting in which a bettor chooses a team to win the game outright, regardless of the point spread. The odds assigned to each team reflect their chances of winning the game. Total or Over/Under A form of sports betting in which a bettor wagers on the combined score of both teams. Bettors can choose to bet over or under a set total number of points. Puckline A form of sports betting specific to hockey, in which a team is favored by 1.5 goals. A bet on the favored team requires them to win by at least 2 goals, while a bet on the underdog requires them to either win or lose by 1 goal.

Puckline is a type of sports betting that is specific to hockey. It is a form of point spread betting where the favored team is given a 1.5 goal disadvantage. In order to win a bet on the favored team, they must win by at least 2 goals. A bet on the underdog requires them to either win the game or lose by less than 1 goal. This form of sports betting is popular among hockey fans who seek to add an extra layer of excitement to the game.

## First-half bets

Category Number of Google Search Results
First-half bets 2,450,000
Sports betting 151,000,000
Units in sports betting 64,500,000

First-half bets refer to bets placed only on the first half of a sporting event. They have become increasingly popular in recent years, especially for those who enjoy sports betting. This type of bet allows bettors to focus on just the first half of the game and can often offer better odds than traditional full-game bets. Understanding the different units in sports betting is also important for successful betting. Units refer to the amount of money a bettor is willing to wager, and it is recommended to never bet more than 1-5 units per bet. With over 150 million Google search results for sports betting and 64.5 million search results for units in sports betting, it is clear that this is a popular and widely-searched topic.

## Second-half bets

 Sport Number of varied units Football Over 130 Basketball Over 100 Baseball Over 80

Second-half bets are one of the most popular forms of sports betting. A second-half bet refers to a bet that is placed specifically on the second half of a game or match. This type of bet can be placed on a variety of different sporting events, including football, basketball, and baseball. In football, there are typically over 130 varied units that can be bet on during the second half of a game. Basketball offers even more options, with over 100 varied units available. Baseball has fewer options available during the second half, with over 80 varied units to choose from. These varied units provide plenty of options for sports bettors to choose from and make informed decisions.

## Totals

Sport Units Winning Percentage
Football Over/Under 54%
Basketball Over/Under 53%
Baseball Over/Under 51%

Totals are a type of betting unit in sports gambling that involves predicting the final score of a game. In this type of betting, the betting agency declares a total number of points that will be scored in the game. Bettors then wager on whether they think the final score of the game will be over or under the total declared by the agency. A look at the winning percentages across different sports such as football, basketball, and baseball suggests that there is a higher chance of winning bets in football and basketball than in baseball. This information can be helpful for those interested in sports betting and seeking the best strategy to win.

## In-play/live betting

Unit Abbreviation Definition
Moneyline ML A bet on which team will win the game outright, regardless of points.
Point Spread PS A bet on which team will cover the spread, with the favorite deducting points and the underdog receiving points.
Over/Under O/U A bet on whether the total points scored in the game will be over or under a set number.
Proposition Prop A bet on a specific event within the game, such as which player will score the first touchdown.

In-play/live betting allows sports bettors to place wagers on games after they have started. This type of betting is becoming increasingly popular, with some estimates suggesting that over 70% of sports bets will be placed in this manner by 2025. In-play/live betting offers a variety of unique options, such as instant bets on the outcome of the current play. The popularity of in-play/live betting is due to its ability to offer an immersive and engaging betting experience. With the flexibility to place bets as the game progresses, this type of betting provides a sense of control over the betting experience.

## Round robin

In sports betting, a round robin is a type of wager where multiple parlay bets are placed simultaneously. Each parlay consists of a predetermined number of teams, with each team being included in a different parlay. A round robin bet ensures that every possible combination of teams is covered, resulting in a higher chance of winning. For example, a round robin with three teams would include three two-team parlays (ABC, ABD, BCD) and one three-team parlay (ABCDEF). Round robins are a popular choice for bettors who are looking for a higher payout with less risk.

Number of Teams Number of Two-Team Parlays Number of Three-Team Parlays Total Number of Parlays
2 1 1
3 3 1 4
4 6 4 10
5 10 10 20

(Source: https://www.gamblingsites.org/sports-betting/types/round-robin/)

## Reverse

Sport Unit Reference
Football (NFL) Points ESPN
Basketball (NBA) Points NBA.com
Baseball (MLB) Runs MLB.com

Sports betting offers varied units to bet on depending on the sport. In football (NFL), points are used as the unit, while in basketball (NBA), the unit is also points. For baseball (MLB), the unit used is runs. These units are commonly used in each respective sport and are easily accessible on sports websites such as ESPN, NBA.com, and MLB.com. It is important to understand the unit in order to accurately place a bet.

## If bets

Sport Unit Example
Football Points Over/Under 2.5 goals
Basketball Points Spread -5.5 points
Tennis Sets Player A to win 2-1

If bets are a type of sports betting where the bettor makes a wager on two separate outcomes and both must win for the bet to be successful. In sports betting, varied units refer to the different types of units that are used to calculate the outcome of a wager. For example, in football betting, the unit might be points, while in tennis, it might be sets. Understanding the varied units in sports betting is important for successful wagering. According to a study by the American Gaming Association, the sports betting industry is expected to generate \$150 billion in annual wagers by 2023.

## Asian handicap

 Year Global Sports Betting Market (in billion USD) 2016 104.31 2017 116.00 2018 155.49 2019 203.00

In sports betting, the Asian handicap is a popular form of betting that originated in Asia. It is a type of handicap where a goal or a half-goal is added to the underdog team’s score, thus leveling the playing field and providing more balanced odds. The Asian handicap was created to eliminate draws from the market, therefore providing bettors with more options. The global sports betting market has been growing steadily in recent years, with a market size of 203 billion USD in 2019.

## Decimal odds

Statistic Value Reference
Conversion rate to percentage 20% sbgglobal.eu
Commonly used in Europe, Australia, and Canada gambling.com
Calculation method Winning = (Decimal Odds x Stake) – Stake oddschecker.com

Decimal odds are a popular format for sports betting that originated in Europe and are now commonly used in Australia and Canada. With a conversion rate of 20%, they are easily converted to percentages. Instead of using fractions or American odds, decimal odds show the amount a bettor can win per unit of stake. The calculation method involves multiplying the decimal odds by the stake and subtracting the stake. This format allows for simple comparison and calculation of potential winnings.

## Fractional odds

Year Number of Sports Bettors (in millions) Global Sports Betting Industry Revenue (in billions)
2017 40 104
2018 41.7 115.5
2019 43.9 137.9

Fractional odds are one type of varied unit in sports betting. They represent the ratio between the amount of money the bettor will win if they make a successful bet and the amount they are required to wager. For example, if the odds are listed as 2/1, the bettor will win \$2 for every \$1 they wager. Fractional odds are commonly used in the UK and Ireland and are represented with a slash (/) or hyphen (-) between the numbers. As the global sports betting industry continues to grow, with an estimated revenue of \$137.9 billion in 2019, understanding the various units of betting odds becomes increasingly important for successful participation.

## American odds

Winning Probability American Odds Decimal Odds
90% -111 1.90
70% -233 1.43
50% 100 2.00
30% 233 3.33
10% 900 10.00

American odds are a popular way of presenting odds in sports betting. They are represented as either positive or negative values. Positive values indicate the amount you can win by betting \$100, while negative values indicate how much you would need to bet in order to win \$100. For example, if the American odds are -110, you would need to bet \$110 to win \$100. Decimal odds, on the other hand, represent the total amount you will receive if you win. The higher the number, the greater the potential payout. Understanding American odds is key for any sports bettor, as it can help you make more informed bets.
References: https://www.odds.com.au/betting-info/american-odds/, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Odds#US_odds

## Odds comparison

Units Definition
American odds A positive or negative number that indicates the amount of money a player would win or lose on a \$100 bet.
Decimal odds A number that represents the total payout a player would receive on a \$1 bet, including their stake.
Fractional odds A ratio that indicates the net profit a player would make on a bet, relative to their stake.

Odds comparison in sports betting involves evaluating the different units used to express the likelihood and potential payout of different outcomes. The most common units used in sports betting are American odds, decimal odds, and fractional odds. American odds are represented by a positive or negative number that indicates the amount of money a player would win or lose on a \$100 bet. Decimal odds are represented by a number that represents the total payout a player would receive on a \$1 bet, including their stake. Fractional odds are represented by a ratio that indicates the net profit a player would make on a bet, relative to their stake. Understanding the different units is crucial for making informed bets and maximizing potential winnings.

(Source: ESPN)

## Arbitrage betting

Term Definition Reference
Arbitrage betting A betting strategy that takes advantage of differing odds offered by different bookmakers, in order to guarantee a profit regardless of the outcome of the event. Sports Betting Dime

Arbitrage betting is a popular betting strategy that involves placing bets on all possible outcomes of a sporting event, using varying odds provided by different bookmakers to guarantee a profit. This strategy is highly sought after as it offers a risk-free way of making money in sports betting. With increasing digitization, the number of bookmakers offering odds on sporting events has increased significantly, making arbitrage betting more accessible to the general public. Sports Betting Dime states that arbitrage betting allows bettors to lock in a profit without any risk, making it an attractive option for many.

## Kelly criterion

Unit Definition Example
Moneyline A bet on the outright winner of a game. Team A -120, Team B +140
Point spread A bet on the margin of victory or defeat. Team A -3.5, Team B +3.5
Totals A bet on the combined score of both teams. Over 57.5, Under 57.5

In sports betting, there are various units that you can use to place a wager, each with different rules and strategies. The most common units are Moneyline, Point Spread, and Totals. A Moneyline bet involves picking the winner of the game outright, while a Point Spread bet involves betting on the margin of victory or defeat. Totals, on the other hand, involve betting on the combined score of both teams. The type of unit you use will depend on the game, the teams playing, and the odds. Knowing the different units is important for making informed decisions and increasing your chances of winning. Kelly criterion, a formula for maximizing profits from investing, can also be applied to sports betting and uses the win probability and odds to determine the optimal bet size.

Factual reference: https://www.espn.com/chalk/story/_/id/17802355/sports-betting-glossary-terms

## Expected value

Sport Units Example
Football Points Over/Under 2.5 goals
Basketball Points Point spread
Tennis Games or sets Over/Under 22.5 games

In sports betting, varied units refer to the different ways that odds are expressed and bets are placed in different sports. For example, in football betting you might bet on the number of goals scored in a match, while in basketball betting you might bet on the point spread. Units can also vary within a sport – for example, in tennis betting you might bet on the number of games played, or the number of sets won. Understanding the varied units in each sport is essential in calculating expected value and making informed bets. (Source: https://www.oddschecker.com/)

## Line shopping

Sport Average Units Min Units Max Units
NFL 3.5 1 10
NBA 2.5 1 5
MLB 1.5 1 3

Line shopping is a strategy used by sports bettors to find the best possible odds for a particular bet. Essentially, it involves shopping around at different sportsbooks and betting sites to find the most favorable odds for a given event. This can be especially important for more serious bettors who are looking to maximize their profits over the long term. Research has shown that line shopping can increase a bettor’s profits by up to 15% in some cases, highlighting the importance of finding the best possible odds.

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