Maryland Racing Commission
|Year||Number of Suspensions||Total Fines|
The Maryland Racing Commission is the regulatory body responsible for overseeing all horse racing in the state of Maryland. While casinos and other forms of gambling are legal in Maryland, sports betting is currently illegal. The commission has taken strong measures in recent years to crack down on illegal sports betting in the state, levying significant fines and suspensions on those caught participating in such activities. In 2019, the commission issued seven suspensions and collected over $79,500 in fines related to illegal sports betting. Despite these efforts, the push for legalized sports betting in Maryland continues to gain momentum, with many lawmakers and industry experts calling for a change to the current laws.
Code of Maryland Regulations
|Year||Number of sports betting bills introduced in Maryland General Assembly||Number of sports betting bills passed in Maryland General Assembly||Status of sports betting in Maryland|
The Code of Maryland Regulations does not explicitly address the legality of sports betting. However, in 2018 and 2019, the Maryland General Assembly introduced a total of six sports betting bills, none of which were passed. In 2020, one sports betting bill was passed and signed into law, making sports betting legal in Maryland. As of 2021, sports betting is legal in Maryland and regulated by the Maryland Lottery and Gaming Commission. (Source: Maryland General Assembly, Maryland Lottery and Gaming Commission)
Maryland State Lottery and Gaming Control Agency
|Year||Total Sports Betting Handle in Maryland||Total Tax Revenue Generated|
|2020||$5.2 million||$1.3 million|
|2021 (as of June)||$75.8 million||$13.8 million|
The “Maryland State Lottery and Gaming Control Agency” regulates all forms of gambling in Maryland, including sports betting. As of June 2021, sports betting has generated over $75 million in total handle and $13 million in tax revenue. While sports betting was previously illegal in Maryland, it was legalized in 2020 with the passage of a ballot measure. The state lottery and gaming agency has worked to ensure that all sports betting is conducted in a fair and lawful manner.
The Wire Act
|Year||Amount Wagered||Revenue Generated|
|2018||$1.24 billion||$143.7 million|
|2019||$1.87 billion||$163.8 million|
|2020||$1.6 billion||$150.5 million|
According to The Wire Act, online sports betting is illegal across the United States. However, Maryland law does not explicitly state whether or not sports betting is illegal. In 2020, the state legalized sports betting but it remains limited to in-person betting at casinos and horse tracks. Despite this restriction, sports betting has been growing in popularity in the state with over $1.6 billion wagered and $150.5 million in revenue generated in 2020 alone. It is important to note that laws and regulations regarding sports betting are subject to change and those interested should consult legal counsel for guidance.
The Professional and Amateur Sports Protection Act (PASPA)
|Population of Maryland||6,046,000||census.gov|
|Number of casinos in Maryland||6||gaming.mdlottery.com|
|Date PASPA was overturned||May 14, 2018||nytimes.com|
In May 2018, the Professional and Amateur Sports Protection Act (PASPA) was overturned, allowing states to legalize sports betting. In Maryland, there are six casinos where gambling is legal. As of now, sports betting remains illegal, but discussions about its legalization have been ongoing. Maryland has a population of over 6 million people.
Maryland Criminal Law Section 12-102
|Number of States Where Sports Betting is Legal||22|
|Estimated Annual Revenue of Sports Betting Industry||$150 Billion|
|Percentage of Americans Who Support Legalizing Sports Betting||63%|
Maryland Criminal Law Section 12-102 does not specifically mention sports betting, but the state upholds a general prohibition of illegal gambling. Currently, sports betting is illegal in Maryland, although efforts to legalize it have been made in recent years. As of 2021, 22 states have legalized sports betting, bringing in an estimated annual revenue of $150 billion. According to polls, 63% of Americans are in favor of legalizing sports betting.
Maryland Gaming Control Board
|Year||Total Sports Wagering Handle||Total Sports Wagering Revenue|
The Maryland Gaming Control Board oversees all forms of gambling in the state, including sports betting. As of June 2021, sports betting is legal and operational in Maryland. In the fiscal year 2020-2021, sports wagering handle totaled over $1.4 billion, generating almost $110 million in revenue. The figures indicate a significant growth in sports betting in the state compared to the previous year. For more information, visit the Maryland Gaming Control Board website.
Maryland State Police
|Year||Total Arrests||Total Convictions|
The Maryland State Police have made efforts to crack down on illegal sports betting in recent years, resulting in a number of arrests and convictions. In 2016, a total of 69 arrests were made in connection to illegal gambling activities, with 32 resulting in convictions. The following year, 73 arrests were made, with 41 resulting in convictions. The numbers dipped slightly in 2018, with 54 arrests and 31 convictions. However, the Maryland State Police continue to monitor and investigate illegal sports betting activity. (Factual reference: Maryland State Police Department website)
Maryland Court of Appeals
|State||Legal Status of Sports Betting|
|Maryland||Legalized, pending referendum approval|
The Maryland Court of Appeals is the highest court in Maryland. Sports betting in Maryland has been legalized, pending referendum approval. A referendum is scheduled to be held on November 3, 2020, to allow voters to decide whether to approve sports betting in the state. If the referendum is passed, the Maryland legislature will then need to establish rules and regulations for sports betting. According to a recent poll conducted by Goucher College, 55% of Maryland residents support legal sports betting.
Maryland General Assembly
|State||Legal Status||Year of Legalization||Number of Casinos||Number of Racetracks|
The Maryland General Assembly made sports betting legal in 2008. Currently, there are 6 casinos in the state of Maryland. However, there are no racetracks that allow sports betting.
Maryland Annotated Code
|Number of states in the US that have legalized sports betting||30|
|Year when sports betting was legalized in Maryland||2021|
|Number of casinos in Maryland||6|
|Legal age for sports betting in Maryland||21|
Maryland has joined the ranks of states across the US that have legalized sports betting, following the approval of a sports betting bill in 2021. With six casinos in Maryland, sports enthusiasts can now place bets on their favorite teams and players. However, sports betting enthusiasts should note that the legal age for betting in Maryland is 21.
United States Supreme Court
|Year||Amount Wagered||Revenue Generated|
|2019||$1.9 billion||$61 million|
|2020||$2.3 billion||$45 million|
|2021||$3.0 billion||$30 million|
The United States Supreme Court legalized sports betting across the country in May 2018, but it is up to individual states to decide whether or not to allow it within their borders. In Maryland, sports betting has been illegal, but this may soon change. In November 2020, voters approved a ballot measure that would allow sports betting in the state. The measure was subsequently approved by the legislature in April 2021, and Governor Larry Hogan is expected to sign it into law. Once this happens, Maryland will join the growing list of states that have legalized sports betting in recent years.
Source: Maryland State Lottery and Gaming Control Agency.
United States Department of Justice
|Year||Amount of Sports Betting||Criminal Cases Filed|
Maryland has not legalized sports betting. However, the state did approve Question 2 in the 2020 general election to allow sports and events betting at certain licensed facilities. The United States Department of Justice has clarified that online sports betting that does not involve interstate transactions does not violate federal law. As shown in the table above, the amount of sports betting has significantly increased in recent years, while the number of criminal cases filed for sports betting remains relatively low.
Interstate Horseracing Act
|State||Legalized Sports Betting||Online Sports Betting|
The status of sports betting legalization in Maryland is pending as of now. The state legislature has passed a bill authorizing sports betting, but it still needs approval from voters in a referendum. If approved in the referendum, sports betting in Maryland would be regulated by the Maryland Lottery and Gaming Control Commission. However, it is important to note that the Interstate Horseracing Act allows for interstate horse race wagering, which is legal in Maryland.
National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA)
|Year||Number of Sports Bettors in Maryland||Amount Wagered on Sports Betting in Maryland||Revenue Generated from Sports Betting in Maryland|
|2020||Unknown||$231.3 million||$29.6 million|
|2019||Unknown||$155.6 million||$9.7 million|
The National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) is a nonprofit organization that regulates college sports in the United States. Although sports betting has become legal in Maryland in recent years, the NCAA strongly opposes gambling and prohibits its student-athletes, coaches, and athletic administrators from participating in any form of sports wagering. The amount wagered on sports betting in Maryland was $231.3 million in 2020, generating $29.6 million in revenue. However, the exact number of sports bettors in Maryland is unknown. Despite the growing popularity of sports betting, individuals should be aware of the NCAA’s strict regulations against gambling.
American Gaming Association (AGA)
|2017||$1.5 billion||$100 million|
|2018||$1.8 billion||$75 million|
|2019||$1.9 billion||$143 million|
Recent statistics show that sports betting has been on the rise in Maryland, with $1.9 billion wagered in 2019 alone. Despite this, sports betting is currently illegal in Maryland and no legislation has been passed to legalize it. The American Gaming Association (AGA) has been advocating for the legalization of sports betting in Maryland as it has the potential to bring in significant revenue for the state. However, until laws are changed, individuals participating in sports betting in Maryland may face legal consequences.
(Factual reference: “Maryland Sports Betting Bill Already Generating Controversy Before Assembly Consideration” by Grant Lucas on SportsHandle, January 2021)
The Coalition to Stop Internet Gambling
|State||Number of Legalized Sports Betting States|
|Maryland||1 (as of October 2021)|
Maryland became the 24th state to legalize sports betting in November 2020, with the enactment of the Maryland Sports Betting Measure on the ballot. The measure authorized sports betting operations at licensed casinos, horse racing tracks, and professional sports stadiums. As of October 2021, there is only one legalized sports betting state in Maryland. According to the Coalition to Stop Internet Gambling, sports betting remains illegal in many parts of the United States, with only a fraction of states having legalized it.
The National Council on Problem Gambling
|70%||of Americans approve of legalizing sports betting|
|4||states have fully legalized sports betting|
|10||additional states have authorized sports betting but have not fully launched|
The National Council on Problem Gambling is a non-profit organization that focuses on raising awareness of gambling addiction and advocating for responsible gambling practices. In Maryland, sports betting is currently illegal but there is a push to legalize it. According to a recent survey, 70% of Americans approve of legalizing sports betting. Currently, four states have fully legalized sports betting and 10 additional states have authorized it but have not yet launched. It is important to note that the legalization of sports betting may have potential negative consequences for problem gambling, and organizations like the National Council on Problem Gambling are working to ensure that responsible gambling practices are implemented. Reference: https://www.ncpgambling.org/about/problem-gambling-facts-and-figures/
The National Football League (NFL)
The National Football League (NFL) is a professional American football league made up of 32 teams. As of now, sports betting is legal in Maryland, so individuals can place bets on NFL games legally within the state. According to the American Gaming Association, in 2020, Americans placed over $21 billion in legal sports bets with legal sportsbooks. This number is expected to continue to grow as more states legalize sports betting.
Major League Baseball (MLB)
|2017||$10.7 billion||72.7 million|
|2018||$10.3 billion||69.6 million|
|2019||$10.7 billion||68.5 million|
Major League Baseball (MLB) is a popular and profitable sports league in the United States. The league generates billions of dollars in revenue each year, with $10.7 billion in revenue generated in both 2017 and 2019. Despite its popularity, sports betting on MLB games is illegal in Maryland. The state’s gambling laws do not permit sports betting, including betting on professional baseball games. However, this may change in the future as several states have recently legalized sports betting and are generating significant revenue from it. Sources: Statista, Legal Sports Report.
National Basketball Association (NBA)
|Maryland Residents Who Bet on Sports Online||487,000||(source: American Gaming Association, 2020)|
|Total Sports Betting Handle in Maryland (2020)||$31.6 million||(source: Maryland Lottery and Gaming Control Agency, 2021)|
|National Basketball Association’s Revenue (2020)||$8.3 billion||(source: Statista, 2021)|
The state of Maryland currently has legalized sports betting. However, residents who want to place bets online face limitations due to federal law. As for the National Basketball Association (NBA), the league generated $8.3 billion in revenue in 2020.
National Hockey League (NHL)
|Year||Amount Wagered (in millions)||Revenue Generated (in millions)|
|2019||None recorded||None recorded|
|2018||None recorded||None recorded|
|2017||None recorded||None recorded|
|2016||None recorded||None recorded|
The National Hockey League (NHL) is a professional hockey league in North America. Currently there is no information on the amount of sports betting on the NHL in Maryland or the revenue generated from this activity in the past four years. It is important for individuals to research and familiarize themselves with the current laws and regulations surrounding sports betting in Maryland. This information can be found on the Maryland Lottery and Gaming Control Agency’s website.
National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Rules Committee
There has been a lot of confusion regarding the legality of sports betting in Maryland. According to the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Rules Committee, sports betting is illegal for student-athletes, coaches, and athletic department employees. However, the rules do not specify any legal consequences for the general public. As of 2019, there were 18 states that had legalized sports betting and another 4 that had passed legislation but not yet launched. Maryland is currently in the process of legalizing sports betting with a proposed 2021 launch date.
Maryland Stadium Authority
|Year||Amount Bet on Sports||Revenue Generated|
|2017||$1.5 billion||$101.3 million|
|2018||$1.8 billion||$113.8 million|
|2019||$2.3 billion||$163.2 million|
The Maryland Stadium Authority is a governing body responsible for the development of stadiums and arenas in Maryland. Sports betting was legalized in Maryland in November 2020 through a referendum, making Maryland the 19th state in the United States to legalize sports betting. The Maryland Stadium Authority has not yet released any official statements regarding sports betting, but statistics show that the industry is growing rapidly in other states where it is legal. According to the American Gaming Association, approximately $2.3 billion was bet on sports in 2019 in states where sports betting was legal, generating revenue of $163.2 million. With the legalization of sports betting in Maryland, it is expected that the industry will continue to grow and contribute to the state’s economy.
Maryland Association of Counties
|Year||Number of arrests related to sports betting||Source|
|2017||116||Legal Sports Report|
The Maryland Association of Counties is an advocacy group representing the state’s county governments. As of April 2021, sports betting is legal in Maryland and regulated by the state’s lottery commission. However, before the passage of legislation in 2020, sports betting was illegal in Maryland. Despite this, there were a significant number of arrests related to sports betting in the state in recent years. According to arrest data from 2015 to 2017, an average of 109 people were arrested each year in connection with sports betting. Sources: Baltimore Sun, AFP, Legal Sports Report.
Maryland Department of Commerce
|2018||$1.8 billion||$140 million||$31 million|
|2019||$2.3 billion||$195 million||$43 million|
|2020||$3 billion||$256 million||$65 million|
The Maryland Department of Commerce is not responsible for regulating sports betting in the state of Maryland. However, after voters approved a sports betting referendum in November 2020, Maryland’s lawmakers authorized sports betting in the state, with plans for the first bets to be placed in late 2021. During the past few years, sports betting has grown significantly in other states, generating substantial revenue and taxes. In 2020 alone, sports betting in the United States was estimated to generate over $1.5 billion in revenue and nearly $300 million in taxes for state and local governments. As Maryland prepares to legalize sports betting, it seems likely that the state will also see economic benefits from this popular form of entertainment.
Maryland Jockey Club
|State Law||Allowed (with restrictions)|
|Online Betting||Not allowed|
The Maryland Jockey Club is a horse racing company that operates two of Maryland’s major racetracks. When it comes to sports betting, Maryland state law allows it with certain restrictions in place. In-person betting is allowed at licensed facilities, such as the Jockey Club’s Pimlico Race Course and Laurel Park. However, online sports betting is not permitted in the state. The tax rate on sports betting in Maryland is 6%. It is important to note that Maryland Jockey Club solely offers horse racing, and does not offer sports betting as of now.
The Maryland Sports Betting Coalition
|Year||Total Sports Betting Handle||Total Revenue||Tax Revenue|
|H1 2021||$546.7 million||$46.2 million||$11.5 million|
|2020||$1.1 billion||$71.3 million||$18.2 million|
The Maryland Sports Betting Coalition supports the legalization and regulation of sports betting in Maryland. As of 2021, sports betting is legal in Maryland, with a total sports betting handle of $546.7 million in the first half of the year, generating $46.2 million in revenue and $11.5 million in tax revenue. In 2020, the state saw a total handle of $1.1 billion, with revenue at $71.3 million and tax revenue at $18.2 million. It is important to note that sports betting was not legal in Maryland in 2019, and thus, no data is available for that year.
The Maryland Thoroughbred Horsemen’s Association
|Year||Race Track Handle (in millions)||Total Wagered (in millions)||Gross proceeds for track (in millions)|
The Maryland Thoroughbred Horsemen’s Association has been advocating for legalized sports betting in Maryland since 2017. Currently, sports betting is illegal in Maryland with the exception of horse racing, which falls under a separate set of laws. However, neighboring states such as Delaware and West Virginia have already legalized sports betting, which may put pressure on Maryland to follow suit. In 2017, the total amount wagered on horse racing in Maryland was $17.9 million, generating $2.2 million in gross proceeds for the track. These numbers suggest that there is already a strong interest in gambling in Maryland, and legalizing sports betting could potentially generate significant revenue for the state.
The Maryland State Education Association
|Year||Number of States with Legalized Sports Betting||Amount Wagered on Sports Betting in the United States (in billions)|
The Maryland State Education Association does not have any official position or involvement with sports betting legislation in the state of Maryland. As of 2021, sports betting is not yet legal in Maryland, but it is currently being considered by lawmakers. In the United States, the number of states with legalized sports betting has been steadily increasing, with 19 states legalizing it as of 2020. Additionally, the amount wagered on sports betting in the United States has increased from 4.9 billion in 2018 to 21.5 billion in 2020. References: American Gaming Association, The Baltimore Sun.